Research of Aviation PM Technologies,
mOdelling and Regulation
Climate and environmental changes are defining challenges of our times and are well-reflected in the conclusions and recommendations of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The impact of aviation on the environment and the climate is relatively small but growing steadily. It is driven by long-term effects (several hundreds of years) from CO2 emissions and shorter-term ones (from several decades) from non-CO2 emissions (water vapour, particles and nitrogen oxides). Beyond the climate and environmental impact, aircraft particulate matter emissions during taxing, take- off and landing pose a risk to human health, particularly in communities near airports. In addition, PM emissions at cruising altitudes are believed to modify the composition of the atmosphere and hence the earth’s radiative budget. The scope of this Cleansky research project action is focused on bringing together European research efforts from Industry, academia and research institutes on aviation particulate matter towards building a robust understanding of the formation of NVPM in aircraft operations and to develop essential tools for supporting sound regulations addressing the issues.
To Achieve Ambitious Goals For Air Quality Research, RAPTOR will undertake an in-depth Review Of Available Literature To Assess Knowledge Gaps.This Will Include Non-Volatile NvPM Measurement Techniques & Corrections And Their Associated Uncertainties As These Directly Impact Modelling Studies Of Local Air Quality And Inform Aircraft-Induced PM Related Toxicity And Health Effects. Findings Will Be Communicated In An Open Access Database, And Website Targeted To Key Stakeholders Including Policy Makers, Regulators And The Public; Highlighting Interdependencies Between The Measurements, Modelling And Health Disciplines. RAPTOR Will Forge Synergistic Links With Existing National, EU And International Projects To Ensure A High Degree Of Additionality And Provide Access To Desensitised Proprietary Data. RAPTOR Will Also Generate New Data Using A Representative Combustor Rig To Assess Uncertainty Of The Current CAEP/11 NvPM Standards, Utilising Two Reference ICAO Appendix 7-Compliant NvPM Systems.