ENVISA was created in early 2004 in Paris. ENVISA is an international environmental research and Consultancy Company specializing in finding innovative solutions to reduce the environmental footprint of the aviation industry. ENVISA provides the aviation industry with a unique offer of integrated services for environmental research and modelling. ENVISA is one of very few companies that focuses wholly on fully understanding the environmental impacts of aviation. It has been trusted by the major European aviation institutions, such as EUROCONTROL, EASA and the European Commission, to conduct strategic studies, develop tools and datasets, and generate performance indicators at both local and European levels. ENVISA provides the world’s leading aviation stakeholders with cutting edge analytical tools for traffic and demand forecasting, noise impacts, local air quality studies, global emissions and cradle-to-grave carbon foot printing. ENVISA allocates more than 30% of its turnover for internal R&D activities.
ENVISA’ mission is to provide the transportation industry with economically viable solutions to ally growth and environmental mitigation. Through its involvement in advanced international research programmes ENVISA remains up-to-date with the latest technologies in environmental impact assessment and mitigation, and contribute to developing new ones. ENVISA have been conceiving, designing, developing, validating and consulting with environmental models since 2004 and are a driving force behind some of the world's most trusted data in aviation environmental policy. ENVISA activities include: Elaboration of carbon action plans., local Air Quality studies and European local air quality model development (ALAQS for EUROCONTROL), TMA efficiency vs noise trade-offs analysis, community relations effectiveness review, social/perception surveys, land-use planning capacity protection effectiveness, future development risk analysis, noise mitigation, monitoring and modelling, and, aircraft track-keeping. ENVISA participated in the ICAO/CAEP airport air quality guidance working group, CAEP MDG and many other internatiol policy making groups via its involvement with EASA and EUROCONTROL. ENVISA is part of many European projects and managed considerable amount of EU Projects: EU FP6 (ERAT, MIME), EU FP7 (TEAM_Play), H2020 (ATM4E), Cleansky (TURBOGAS, CARING, AiMeRe, FRARS-2, ATAEGINA), Europeaid (TRACECA), EASA Framework Environmental support since 2013.
Involved in several European Research projects such as (EASA Framework, EUROCONTROL environmental projects, Cleansky I etc..), she has 20 years of experience in aviation and environmental business. She has successfully managed many projects over the years with EUROCONTROL (local air quality, emissions, and others), EASA (Specific Contracts for Aviation Emissions Regulations Support), Cleansky I (ITDs: Eco design, ATM, and Regional Aircraft). Ayce Celikel is also an entrepreneur and converted research results to business (Co-founder of AEROBAY (www.aero-bay.com) from Cleansky Aimere project). The Project Director is the intermediary between the consortium partners and the European Commission. The Project Director continuously monitors the work plan implementation and is responsible for the Quality Assurance of all reports and deliverables produced by the project. The Project Director also works alongside WP Leaders to help alleviate and manage any difficulties in executing critical tasks.
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Michele Cremaschi is an environmental engineer at ENVISA, where he is mainly working in research & development tasks for public institutions and on EASA aviation and environmental projects. He has a Masters degree in Environmental Engineering and he started his professional career as a trainee in the Environment Section at EASA, helping the team on environmental impact assessment activities.
The Manchester Metropolitan University (MMU) is the largest campus-based university in the UK. The recent UK Research Excellence Framework assessment ranked 60% of MMU’s research output as of world leading or internationally excellent quality. MMU has experience of participating in and managing a range of European funded research projects including a number supported by Horizon 2020 and previous Framework Programmes. The AVIATOR project (EU programme which specifically assess the impact of alternative fuels on aviation emissions) will be conducted by researchers from the Centre for Aviation, Transportand the Environment (CATE). CATE is part of the Environmental Science Research Centre (ESRC) and is the UK’s leading aviation impacts research center, investigating the effects of aircraft on the environment, from local impacts to global climate change. CATE members have contributed towards the Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC) Special Report on Aviation, the Fourth and Fifth Assessment Reports and the EU transportation assessment project, ATTICA, and provide input to ICAO-CAEP, including the Impacts & Science Group (ISG) and Working Group 3 (WG3) Particulate Matter Task Group (PMTG), Alternative Fuels Task Force (AFTF), and Global Market based measures Task Force (GMTF). The Centre has strong links with aviation stakeholders from across Europe, is the current chair of the ECATS International Association, and regularly delivers training at locations across the globe on behalf of Airports Council International.
CATE has a sizeable measurement, modelling and fundamental research portfolio, investigating many aspects of aviation including alternative fuels & properties, engine exhaust characterization, plume dispersion and abatement system, contrail radiative forcing and atmospheric NOx. It is the recipient of UK government funding for research into the atmospheric impact of aviation emissions biofuels and market based measures, and it also facilitates the provision of expert technical advice to support po-licymakers and stakeholders as well as providing representation of the UK government within the CAEP sector of ICAO. The center led the OMEGA project, a network of UK universities with a research agenda focused on the sustainability of the aviation industry, from aircraft systems, fuels and operations, through local air quality to mitigation policies. CATE has also been involved in several previous EU research & innovation projects such as TEAMPlay, REACT4C and X-NOISE among others, and its staff have contributed to SWAFEA and Alfa-Bird. It is a work package leader within the EU coordination action FORUM-AE (FORUM on Aviation Emissions), and a key member of the Initiative Towards the sustAinable Kerosene for Aviation (ITAKA). In addition the centre has strong links with stakeholders across Europe and has been involved in several initiatives run by the aviation industry.
Former Director of Research at Manchester Metropolitan University (Researcher at MMU), Pr. David Raper has worked with the aviation sector for nearly 30 years. In 2008 he established a consortium of UK and US Universities to address the impact of the air transport industry on the environment (Omega) with industry partners including Rolls Royce, Airbus, British Airways and BAA. Lead author on the IPCC assessment report on the impact of aviation on the global environment. He was appointed to chair a group of international and national academics and industry experts to develop a methodolo-gy to assess the air quality impacts of Heathrow Airport. He is currently a member of the Heathrow Airport Air Quality Expert Review Group. Prof Raper has participated in AERONET (I, II, II), AE-RO2K, X2-Noise, X3-NOISE, XNoise EV, ECATS, ANIMA. His role in AVIATOR will be to work with EASA to ensure the successful delivery of RAPTOR and to work with all partners in dissemination and communication activities.
Currently the European co-rapporteur of the ICAO-CAEP Working group 3 (Emissions and Technical), Dr Bethan Owen has worked in the field of aviation and environment for 25 years (emissions, inventory development, dispersion modeling, and climate impacts). Before her nomination as ICAO-CAEP co- rapporteur she was a member of the CAEP WG3, the CAEP-MDG (Mo-delling and Database Group) and the CAEP-FESG (Forecasting and Economic Sub Group). She is the UK scientific advisor in CAEP on emissions and is a member of the ECAC group EAEG. She has con-tributed to a number of EU Framework projects including TeamPlay, REACT4C and ATM4E and as WP lead on Quantify and FORUMAE.
Her role in RAPTOR will be to deliver WP2 "Synergy, Regulation and dissemination".
Dr. Simon Christie has worked on several of aviation research programs including several UK Research Council projects, and a number of EU Framework projects such as ECATS, SWAFEA, ForumAE and ITAKA. He has worked in close cooperation with airports across the UK including Heathrow & Manchester, contributed to the EASA SAMPLE program for the development of the SAE non-volatile PM measurement system, and has close links with Missouri S&T. He has experience of working on a global scale as member of ICAO CAEP WG3 and has worked closely with European colleagues in the ECATS International Association, a network that he now chairs.
Cardiff University, which operates the Gas Turbine Research Centre (GTRC), was founded in 1883, Cardiff is established as one of Britain's leading universities ranking 5th in the Research Excellence Framework (REF) based on the quality of its research. For the first time funding councils sought to measure the impact of research, with Cardiff University ranked 2nd in the UK, with 87% of its research assessed as world-leading or internationally excellent.
Within Cardiff University’s School of Engineering the GTRC enables novel research studies to be conducted into the functionality of new Gas Turbine (GT) combustion systems, components and fuels under elevated conditions of temperature and pressure as would be experienced within a gas turbine engine during operation. Over the previous ten years the GTRC has undertaken numerous research programmes and certification tests (witnessed by EASA), concerned with the measurement of aero and land based gas turbine emissions. As such its staff - as daily users and contributors to the relevant standards and regulations - are experts in the field of both gaseous and smoke measurements whilst combusting both standard and alternative fuels, with personnel already assigned as Independent External Experts with EASA. From 2008 the GTRC was actively involved in the six year SAMPLE programme, thus has a track record in working within successful multi-partner international collaborations. During this programme (SAMPLE III SC03) the GTRC was responsible for developing Europe’s reference nvPM system which it has subsequently operated under subsequent EC contracts (e.g. MOVE/C2/SER/2014-269/SI2.706115) at numerous test sites across Europe on behalf of EASA. These work programmes have in part generated the data required for the development of the new ICAO nvPM standard. More recently a new RQL combustor rig has been developed to provide a test vehicle for Alternative Fuels testing as part of the H2020 JETSCEEN test programme.
RA at Cardiff University’s Gas Turbine Research Centre (GTRC) responsible for emissions measurement, before taking his lectureship in 2013, he hence has acquired 15 years’ experience in combustion and emissions measurement. Dr. Andrew Crayford has led numerous research and certification activities investigating both gaseous and smoke emissions from gas turbine sources. As member of the executive committee of the SAE-E31, Dr Crayford has experience in developing and utilising relevant SAE Aerospace Recommended Practices (e.g. ARP1256 & ARP6320etc.). Dr. Crayford was PI during the 6 year multi-partner EASA funded SAMPLE programme (https://www.easa.europa.eu/document library/research-project), responsible for developing the European nvPM reference system and acting as lead author of the technical reports. This work was instrumental in developing a new nvPM Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP 6320) and through work on the ICAO WG3, PMTG/PROahg “Measurement ExpertS Group”, Dr Crayford aided the development of international nvPM certification protocols (ICAO Annex 16, Volume II, Appendix 7). As PI of the EU funded DG-MOVE programme, Dr. Crayford delivered certified comparisons at SAFRAN (France) and Rolls-Royce (UK/Germany) aiding standard setting. Currently Dr. Crayford is advisor to EASA supporting technical issues with measurement of aviation emissions and regulation, and is invited to become a member of ICAO’s Committee on Aviation Environmental Protection Working Group (CAEP WG3). Dr. Crayford was also invited to give plenary talks on nvPM regulatory measurements at both AE-FORUM events. Dr. Crayford is currently leading the ‘on-wing’ measurements work package of theawarded H2020 AVIATOR project responsible for engine exit and in plume measurements of main engine and APU.
TNO is one of the major contract research organisations in Europe. With a staff of approximately 2,600 and an annual turnover of 580 million euros, TNO is carrying out research in order to achieve impact within thefollowing nine units: Healthy Living; Industry; Traffic & Transport; Energy; Buildings; Infrastructure & Maritime; Information & Communication Technology; Defence, Safety andSecurity; Circular Economy & Environment; and Strategic Analysis & Policy. TNO functions as an intermediary between research organisations and industry. By translating scientific knowledge into practical applications, TNO contributes to the innovation capacity of businesses and government. TNO is involved in many international projects (about 30% of the market turnover), including EU-funded collaborations.
In the unit of Circular Economy & Environment besides activities directed towards accelerating the transition to a circular economy, applied research is carried out in creating a healthier living environment and a healthier climate. The well-equipped laboratories are able to determine the precise composition and amounts of substances in the air and in water, soil, blood serum and consumer products. As well desk top research is carried out to provide policy and business support on emission reduction measures and international reporting obligations. In the unit of Healthy Living we aim to deliver social and technological innovations that can help people make the kind of choices that lead to better health and social participation. The expertise covers the interdisciplinary assessment and mitigation of health risks due to exposure to potentially hazardous chemicals via the (occupational-) environment, food or drugs. The Department of Risk Analysis for Products In Development (RAPID) in this Unit is geared towards the early detection of possible risks from chemicals, nanomaterials and food ingredients.
Senior scientist and project leader at TNO, with his main topic in the field of atmospheric aerosol measurements and modelling, Bas Henzig is PI of the aerosol observations at the Netherlands national observatory CESAR - Cabauw Experimental Site for Atmospheric Research. He is responsible for harmonisation of aerosol in situ observations in the Netherlands within the European ACTRIS network. The measurements concern physical (size and number) and optical (scattering and absorption) properties. Scientific studies that he performed concerned the relation between the short lived climate forcer black carbon and elemental carbon as used in health studies. Bas Henzig represents the Netherlands in CEN WG 32 on ambient air - Particle number concentration; in this working group the European Standard for the measurement of ultrafine particles is currently drafted. Within the modelling activities, Bas Henzing is to strengthen the connection between the upstream and downstream side of earth observation satellites, e.g. to support the design or requirements of new instruments and to prepare for new observational data. In another modelling activities policy support is provided e.g. on the health effect of wood burning smoke.
Senior expert in emissions and emission inventories at TNO, Jeroen Kuenen has 12 years of working experience with emissions, especially emission inventories at national and sub-national levels, for both regulatory and scientific purposes. These focus on the regulated air pollutants (NOx, SOx, NMVOC, NH3, PM), greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) and other species with adverse health effects such as heavy metals and persistent organic pollutants. He has developed the TNO European anthropogenic emission maps (TNO MACC, now developed into CAMS) which are widely used by air quality modelling teams across Europe. He is co chairing one of the expert groups under the UNECE Task Force on Emission Inventories and Projections which focuses on updating and developing new methodologies for emission estimation.
Toxicological risk assessor since 1999 at TNO, Harrie Buist has ample experience in toxicological risk assessment of pesticides, biocides, industrial chemicals (mainly REACh), nanomaterials and food and feed, with a particular interest in toxicokinetics, QSARs, TTC and Life Cycle Assessment. Besides working as a risk assessor, he has done research on specific topics (e.g. dermal absorption, blood:air partitioning, prediction of nitrosamine carcinogenicity, health effect factors nanomaterials) and has led projects. In 2016 he obtained a PhD in toxicology at the University of Wageningen.
As an agency of the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport, the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu, RIVM) is a governmental research and knowledge institute providing policy support to the Dutch government. RIVM performs tasks to safeguard and promote public health and environmental quality in the Netherlands. In its role as trusted advisor, RIVM provides the government with impartial advice on infectious diseases, vaccination programmes, population screening, life style, nutrition, pharmaceuticals, environment, sustainability, safety and security. The main tasks of RIVM are: 1) to conduct research; 2) to provide policy advice and recommendations; 3) to direct and implement prevention and control response (e.g. national coordination of health and environmental monitoring programmes); 4) to coordinate intervention programs; 5) to provide information to professionals and the general public.
Our experts participate in various international networks and are members of many international scientific committees and experts panels of the EU. RIVM also carries out activities for other international organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO) and OECD. RIVM’s commissioning bodies consist of ministries (the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport, the Ministry of Infrastructure and Environment, the Ministry of Economic Affairs, Agriculture and Innovation) and various public services such as the inspectorates. The scientific quality of RIVM work is monitored by the Scientific Advisory Board. The independent position of RIVM is set down in statutes. Currently, RIVM has about 1,500 employees. RIVM contributes in multiple ways to the research into potential risks of air pollution to human health. Relevant for TRAHEVAL is the extensive experience in hazard and risk assessment on air pollution, in a broad variety of EU-projects, assignments of Dutch Ministries, assignments of the European Commission (Enterprise, Environment, SANCO, MOVE) and Dutch inspectorates.
PhD, inhalation toxicologist, h-index 20. Specilized in the assessment of adverse health effects of exposure to air pollution on public health with a strong focus on combustion engine emissions. Project leader of science to policy projects commissioned by the Dutch government. She has been responsible for execution and reporting inhalation toxicity test in rodents using both engine emissions as well as real world outdoor air pollution. Recently she acts as the key contact for the Ministry of Infrastructures and Water management (dealing with emission and air pollution reduction strategies including the impact on renewal energy sources such as biodiesel.
PhD, ERT, h-index 51 is an inhalation toxicologist at the Netherlands National Institute for Public Health and the Environment. In this position he is involved in research into adverse health effects from airborne nanomaterials and particulate matter (fine dust) and gaseous components (e.g. ozone, nitrogen dioxide) in the ambient air. In addition to this, Flemming Cassee is professor of inhalation toxicology at the Institute of Risk Assessment Sciences of the Utrecht University, the Netherlands. Flemming Cassee is leading projects of multidisciplinary teams. He is senior scientific advisor to the Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment, the Health Council of the Netherlands, World Health Organisation and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), and others. Furthermore he is Editor-in-Chief of the journal Particle and Fibre Toxicology and a reviewer/editor of a number of other international scientific journals.
PhD, ERT inhalation toxicologist, h-index 19. She studies the effects of air pollution on public health and the safety of engineered nanomaterials. She has been WP leader in the European FP7 project ENPRA, where she was responsible for the conduction of animal experiments and the connection between the generated in vivo and in vitro data to perform a risk assessment and IVIVE. She has completed a two-year postdoctoral training into the risk assessment of chemicals in 2011 (TRISK).
ERT, human health risk assessor, Rob Jongeneel is involved in regulatory risk assessment of chemicals within the REACH legislation. He has been working on socio-economic assessments of REACH restrictions and authorizations, with special interest in the interface between risk assessment, health impact assessment and cost-benefit analysis. Currently he is WP leader in the three years DG MOVE project FACTS about the health implications of cabin air quality.
PhD, risk assessment, h-index 11. He is working on the area of health impact assessment of chemicals including probabilistic modelling, comparative hazard identification and quantitative risk assessment being an experts in bench mark dose modelling.
PhD holder in Chemistry, Dr. Mickael Sicard is a Senior Research Scientist of the Multi-Physics for Energetics Department. He has initiated and developed various devices and characterization techniques able to study the thermal and oxidative stability of hydrocarbons. He is more precisely involved in endothermic fuels, fuel stability, alternative jet fuels, antioxidant activity, long term storage stability, and material compatibility. He has been involved in several National (ESTOK, INCA, MOCCASSIN) and European research programmes (Alfa-Bird, Swafea, Jetscreen).
Dr. Emmanuel Montreuil obtained his Ph.D. Degree in Mechanics from “Université Pierre et Marie Curie – Paris 6” in 2000. He joined ONERA in 2002 and has been involved in aircraft and rotorcraft icing for over 8 years, working on projects funding by the French civil aviation. He has been involved in both the development and application of several icing codes (2D and 3D), and has taken part in icing wind tunnel test campaigns in the framework of the Onera-NASA-UIUC collaboration. For the last 3 years, he has been involved in scientific activities linked to the modelling of contrails formation and local air quality in and around airports.
Janicke Consulting is a company located in Southern Germany with almost 30 years of experience and expertise in developing and applying physical models in the context of various air quality issues. Executives are Dr Ulf Janicke and Dr Lutz Janicke. Janicke Consulting developed, among others, the models LASAT (Lagrangian dispersion model in accordance with standard VDI 3945/3), SMOD (screening model for odour dispersion), PLURIS (plume rise model for dry and wet plumes), AUSTAL2000 (official reference model of the German Regulation on Air Quality Control, on behalf of the Federal Environment Agency), LASAIR (decision support system for nuclear hazards, on behalf of the Federal Office for Radiation Protection), LASPORT (LASAT for airports, on behalf of the German Airport Association). In the Commission on Air Pollution Prevention (KRdL) of VDI (Association of German Engineers) and DIN (German Institute of Standardization), Janicke Consulting has been contributing a substantial part to the development and revision of standards on air pollution control (dispersion, wind field, boundary layer, deposition, chemical conversion, odorants, bio aerosols, quality assurance).
Janicke Consulting has a track record in the development of dispersion models and related topics. Janicke Consulting leads or is member of VDI/DIN groups on quality assurance, standardization and regulation. Janicke Consulting had the scientific lead of Annex “Dispersion Modelling” of the German Regulation on Air Quality Control (TA Luft 2002 and draft 2018).
Dr. Ulf Janicke has completed a doctorate in theoretical physics in 1997 (Konstanz, Germany; Keele, UK). Since 1998 he is one of the executives of Janicke Consulting and has been active in the development, enhancement and validation of dispersion models and related research topics such as complex flow fields, boundary layer profiles, dry and wet deposition, pollen transport, odour nuisance, and quality assurance. He had the scientific lead of several working groups in the VDI/DIN and the introduction of AUSTAL2000 in other countries (EU twinning projects). He is a member of the VDI advisory board KRdL and, on behalf of the German Ministry of Transport (BMVI), of the ICAO/CAEP modelling and data group (MDG).
UoM is Supporting WP4 "PM Measurement" in the review of volatile particulates and measurement campaigns, and liaising with WP3 "Synergy, Regulation and dissemination" leads for harmonising findings across all three disciplines (modelling, measurement and health)
The University of Manchester (UoM): UoM is the largest single-site University in the UK. It hosts over 37,000 students and over 11,000 staff members. It is rated 7th in the UK, 15th in Europe and 38th in the world by Shanghai Jiao Tong academic rankings in 2017. UoM is a registered charity with an annual total income of ~£1b in 2016/17. UoM boasts 25 Nobel prize winners in its current and former staff/students. Within the UoM, the Centre for Atmospheric Science (CAS) comprises 11 members of academic staff, 4 Fellows, 2 Experimental Officers, 4 Instrument Scientists, 3 technician and over 40 research staff and students. CAS holds over £17M in current NERC grants, hosting 8 National Centre for Atmospheric Sciences (NCAS) funded staff, 3 supported by the Composition Directorate, providing strategic scientific input in aerosol science. CAS has extensive experience in atmospheric physics and chemistry, significantly furthering understanding in gas-aerosol, aerosol- cloud interaction and aerosol transformation processes via laboratory, field and modelling studies.
UoM has extensive experience in atmospheric aerosol physics and chemistry, significantly furthering understanding in gas-aerosol and aerosol transformation processes via laboratory, field and modelling studies.
Dr. Paul I. Williams is a researcher fellow-NCAS scientist in the Composition directorate, with over 23 years experience in aerosol measures and instrumentation. He has over 78 publications and a book chapter, Co-I on 16 NERC grants (> £8m), PI 12 grants (1 NERC, 1 EU H2020, 8 EASA, 2 industrial). He has been the local PI on several EASA funded international projects/consortia pertaining to aircraft engine exhaust emissions, predominately the SAMPLE campaigns (EASA.2009/OP18; EASA.2010/FC10 SC.01; EASA.2010/FC10 SC.02; EASA.2010.FC10 - SC04; EASA.2010.FC10 - SC03; EASA.2010.FC10 - SC05). He was the local PI on a recent project funded by Transport Canada (MANTRA - Mass Assessment of nvPM Technology Readiness for Aviation) to elucidate the effects of aerosol properties and the influence on mass measurements. He was the lead PI on a recently funded project supported by a large OEM engine manufacturer to study the effects of pyrolysis on oil. He has extensive experience in characterising the chemical and physical properties of organic and inorganic aerosol particles, which includes the chemical characterisation of several in-use aircraft engine and lubrication oils. He is an international expert for the ICAO’s development of an aircraft engine nvPM standard. He is also a voting member of the SAE E-31 Aircraft Exhaust emissions Measurement Committee and has attended several of the committee’s meeting, presenting the EASA funded research to this specialised audience and making, where appropriate, recommendations. He is an Independent External Expert with EASA (horizontal disciplines – section 6.7).
The ZHAW Zurich University of Applied Sciences is one of the leading universities of applied sciences in Switzerland. Teaching, research, continuing education and other services are both scientifically-based and practice-oriented. In our work in research and development, we concentrate on important societal challenges, with a particular focus on energy and social integration. With locations in Winterthur, Zurich and Wädenswil, the ZHAW is firmly integrated in the local region whilst also collaborating with international partners. There are eight Schools in the University: Applied Linguistics, Applied Psychology, Architecture, Design and Civil Engineering, Engineering, Health Professions, Life Sciences and Facility Management, Management and Law, and Social Work. The Centre for Aviation, which is located within the School of engineering, is applying cutting edge technologies, state-of-the-art methods, and contemporary knowledge to find new and efficient ways to bring global aviation a step further. The Center for Aviation is the leading scientific research facility for aviation in Switzerland. We believe that sustainable solutions for the aviation industry rely on successful collaborations in interdisciplinary teams. Within the Center, the research unit “meteorology, environment and aviation” investigates the environmental impact of aviation. The team advances the knowledge concerning aircraft engine emissions using state-of-the-art instrumentation and computational methods.
Since 2012, several international measurement campaigns (Aviation Particulate Regulatory Instrumentation Demonstration Experiments, A-PRIDE), initiated and sponsored by the Swiss Federal Office of Civil Aviation (FOCA), took place in the test cell of SR Technics. This facility offers the unique opportunity to sample exhaust of in-service aircraft engines using a permanently installed retractable probe and a reference nvPM measurement system. In the framework of Empaled projects funded by FOCA, the Empa team has contributed significantly to the nvPM measurement methodology development. Furthermore, Empa advanced the state of science in the field of aircraft engine emissions and further developed the original prototype system built by FOCA. The current version of the Swiss Mobile Aircraft Engine Emissions Measurement System (SMARTEMIS), is a robust, industrial-grade installation, that has been already used in field tests outside the SR Technics test cell. SMARTEMIS, as a unique piece of equipment, together with the know-how and competencies gained over the past six years, was transferred to ZHAW by 2019 and is now used to address the knowledge gaps and challenges concerning nvPM measurements.
Dr. Lukas Durdina is an aircraft engine emissions specialist. He has more than six years of hands-on experience with measuring emissions from commercial aircraft turbine engines using the Swiss nvPM reference system. He has co-lead major international measurement campaigns of aircraft engine emissions. He has applied novel methods to characterize aircraft engine nvPM emissions and developed engine performance models to improve the estimates of nvPM emissions from aircraft operations. He is a member of the SAE E-31 Aircraft Engine Exhaust Measurement Committee where he contributes to development of new standards and recommended practices.
Dr. Julien Anet is a senior researcher in atmospheric chemistry measurements and an advanced atmospheric dynamics and chemistry modeler. After his PhD in atmospheric chemistry modelling, focusing on stratospheric chemistry, he specialized into emission measurements at Empa. During three years, he was co-responsible in training technical personnel in developing countries to measure trace gases and aerosols. Since 2017, he is head of “Meteorology, Environment and Aviation” at the Center of Aviation and lecturer of different curriculae.